Categories of Folk Musical Instruments of Rajasthan
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1. Tara (Tatta) Instrument:
Funk (Sushir) Instrument: shehnai, poongi, algoza, bankia, bhungal or bheri, mashak, trumpet, flute.
Beautiful instruments: Khadtal, Nad, Manjira, Morchang, Cymbals, Thali
Anavadh (skinned) instruments: Dhol, Dholak, Chang, Damru, Tasha, Naubat, Dhaunsa, Mandal, Chang (Dhap), Dairun, Khanjari, Mridang.
An ancient instrument in which bamboo is stuck in Tumbe and the upper part of Tumbe is cut and covered with leather. The wire is tightened by piercing the bamboo and placing a peg in it. This wire is played with a finger. It is played with one hand. It is played by Kalbeliya, Nath Sadhus and Sannyasis, etc.
3. Ravana Handha: -
It is a primary musical instrument, melodious but straightforward. It has skins on a bowl of coconut, which is studded with bamboo. In bamboo, there are pegs in place, which are tied with wires. The two main cables attached to it are called occlusion and rise. One of the two main cables is the tail hair of the horse and an iron or steel wire. It is played like a violin with gazes or command. It has curls tied at one end. While playing, the ghungro is also played with the hand kiss. It is played by Babuji's Bhope.
4. stringed instrument:
It is used by the Jogis of Marwar while singing the thoughts of Gopichand Bhruthari, Nihalde, etc. Mirasi, Jogi, Langa, Manganiyar, etc. artists sing along with Sarangi. It is made from teak, toon, carr, or rohida wood. It consists of 27 strings, and the top strands are made of goat bow, and the hair of horsetail is tied in the yard. The sound is produced from the strings only after grinding it on the beroza.
It is also an instrument like Sarangi. These Langa are the hallmark of Manganiyar artists. It is made from Rohide or Aak wood. Its table is broad and round. Goatskin is put on this tabli. It consists of three main wires, which are of the intestines of animals. Also, four auxiliary wires are mounted above the steel wire bridge. Its wooden yard or command is also made of horsehair is. Its sound is heavy and echoes. It is used more by Muslim Sheikh Manganiyar.
This element is prevalent in Alwar or Mewat region. It is made of chopped tumbe shaped like a drum, with leather overlaid on one end. A hole in the leather is removed, and a piece of wood is tied at the end of the animal's intestine wire or plastic cord. The player presses into the armpit of this instrument and pulls the string or string and strikes it with a piece of wood from the other side. Internationally acclaimed artist Zahur Khan is its player.
This element has four strings. Hence it is also called Chautala somewhere. It is made entirely of wood. People of Bhope Kamad caste of Ramdevji play more of this instrument, which is similar to Tannapure.
Jantar is considered the initial form of veena. It is more prevalent in Mewar. It is a popular instrument of 'Gurjar Bhopon' (Devpora's Bhopo), which he plays while making the story of Bagdavato and the flutter of Devnarayan. It is similar to the instrumental veena. The player hangs it around the neck and plays it standing. In this too, there are two tumba like veena, between which there is a long bamboo tube or stick, in which 22 curtains of crocodile skin are glued in the wax. There are a total of four, five, or six strings which are played with the fingers or thumb hand.